Orchid Flowers

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A rock garden is an area with different types and sizes of rocks and various species of small flowers. It looks quite natural and also gives you a great pleasure to have a rock garden in your back or front yard.

Building a rock garden is not a difficult task. If you have an area in your yard with a mild slope that receives a good amount of sunlight then you can easily build a rock garden in it. If you do not have that type of sloping place in your yard then you can use your own imagination to create a natural looking rock garden.

There is no specific layout or design for building a rock garden. But there are certain steps that should be kept in mind while building a rock garden. They are as follows:

  • Lay the foundation:

The good rock garden depends on the good foundation. An ideal natural slope also needs to be dug up so that a proper foundation can be laid down. It is because many rock garden plants require water-retentive and fast-draining soil.

  • Excavate:

It is ideal to dig down a slope at least 1 foot to clear out all the weeds and their roots. If you are not having a natural slope for building a garden, then you can build a raised bed elevated upheld by walls. It is recommended for a raised bed to dig down about 3 feet. The higher the walls, the more your delicate flowers will be safe from the pets.

  • Put down the drainage layer:

It is important to place a layer of a hodgepodge of clunky rocks, old pieces of concrete or brick and even broken pieces of clay pots in the base of the foundation. As this drainage layer will absorb excess moisture from the soil above, you need to make up about one third to one half of your trough’s deepness.

  • Put down the sand layer:

The sand layer will hold up the topsoil and acts as a water-absorbent layer. A few inches of coarse layer should be added between the drainage layer and the soil layer.

  • Put down the soil layer:

Blooming of your garden plants highly depends on this layer. It is best to use a mixture of following components for the proper growth of garden plants:

  • 1 part leaf mold
  • 1 part topsoil
  • 1 part small gravel
  • Place the rocks:

You can use rocks found in your surroundings. However, there are several different types of garden rocks are also available. It is a good idea to get one variety of rock in various different sizes. Arrange them in a way that it looks natural and blends in with your environment.

  • Let the garden settle:

Before planting the flowers, let the garden settle. This is important because the soil can fall a bit after few weeks. If this happens then fill it with the remaining mixture of soil.

  • Plant flowers:

Planting should always be done carefully and properly to make the flowers grow fast. Many different plants can grow easily in the rock garden. The best evergreen plant to use is low growing junipers such as the Armstrong, and the low growing conifers, ground covers, and bulbs are also a good choice for the rock garden. You can also grow Alyssum, Gazania, Pansy, Verbena, etc.

  • Proper and regular care:

If you select your plants wisely and according to your climate then they will require less care. You just need to weed them occasionally to keep them healthy. During dry season, always give them plenty of water so that they could not wither away.

Following these steps will make it easy for you to build a nice, beautiful and natural-looking rock garden.

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Orchid is not a new name for garden lovers and nature lovers. It is one of the most desired flower plants among gardeners. Orchid flowers are most beautiful and sophisticated flowers but growing these flowers needs special care and attention. Gardeners are required to provide them with most accurate atmospheric conditions. There are several types of orchid flowers plants and each type has different features. If you carefully observe needs of your orchid plant then your orchids will really embellish your garden. You must be aware of commonly grown types of orchid flower plants. These types include:

  • Phalaenopsis
  • Paphiopedilum
  • Dendrobrium
  • Oncidium
  • Vanda
  • Epidendrum

Here is information about basic needs of orchids that should be in knowledge of all gardeners and flowers lovers:

Humidity

Orchid plants need about 60% of humidity. Greenhouse is the best place to grow orchid plants as there is best humidity level for orchid plants. You can also grow these plants in humidity tray that can be bought from store. You can also make your humidity tray at home. Take a saucer or tray and fill it with water and rocks and keep orchids in it.

Light and Air

If you are growing orchids inside then sunlight is not required but ventilation is very important for indoor orchids. Switch on the fan or open window of room to keep your orchids free from pest and bacteria.

Water Needs

Keep checking the roots of your orchids to know if it needs water. Filtered water is best option to keep your orchids fresh. Prefer week fertilizer solution for your orchids. Wait for 3-4 watering intervals after one fertilizer to next fertilizer application. If you maintain this routine of watering and fertilizer application then you will keep your orchids in good health.

Temperature

This is the feature that can be compromised with as it is not important for orchid growth. Some orchids need warm temperature but most of orchid plants are friendlier to cool temperature. If you feel that your orchids got hotter than cool them with water.

Potting Needs

Change their pots after every 1-2 year. It is the best time to change the pot when you see your plant has become old.

Pests

Decide which pesticide you will apply either natural or artificial. If you have decided to use artificial one, then identify the pests and select pesticide accordingly. Do these precautions to prevent your orchid from pests and bacteria:

  • Repot your orchids
  • Blend some dish washer in water. Remember the water’s quantity should be much more.
  • Make a mixture of water and bleach. Water’ quantity should be in greater proportion.
  • Another very important remedy for indoor orchids is to keep only inside the house.

Butterflies not only add beauty to your garden but also serve many other purposes in local ecosystem. Adult butterflies help in pollination, while both adults and caterpillars are the main food sources for birds and other animals.

Butterflies, like all wildlife, want to live in the place where there is enough food, water, and shelter. However, they need two types of food, one for the caterpillars (larval stage) and the other for the adult butterflies.

To attract butterflies, your garden will need the following:

  • Nectar plants for butterflies. Plants that provide food for butterflies are called nectar plants. If you want to attract butterflies to your garden then grow plants that bear nectar-producing flowers because nectar is the major source of butterfly’s food.

When selecting nectar plants for your garden, it is important to select different kinds of flowering plants with blooming time spaced out across summer, spring, and early autumn.

Some of the well-known nectar plants include:
Asters, Milkweeds, Azalea, black-eyed Susan, Phlox, Coneflowers, Oregano, Clover, Sunflowers, Mint, Marigolds, Zinnias, Bush Cinquefolia, Butterfly bush, Privet, Lilac, and Redbud Sweet pea, Lilac, Cosmos, Thistles, and various fruit trees.

  • Host plants for caterpillars. Plants that provide food for caterpillars are called host plants. Growing hose plants in your garden provides butterflies a place to lay their eggs. Therefore, if you want to attract unusual and uncommon butterflies in your garden then grow plants that caterpillars love to eat.

Some of the most common host plants include:
Milkweeds, Hollyhocks, Fennel, Parsley, Dill, Wild Senna, Passion Vine, Pipe Vine, Carrot, Wild Lilacs, Buckthorns, Hop-tree, Passion Vine, Wild Plums and Cherries, Sage, Citrus, Ashes, Poplar, and Wild Lime.

  • Enough sunlight. Butterflies love sunlight. You need to ensure that all the butterfly-attracting plants receive direct sunlight for much of the day, so that butterflies do not leave your garden in search of plants that are exposed to direct sunlight.
  • Shallow watering container. Butterflies need water frequently especially in hot days. There are number of choices to provide water to the butterflies. Some of them are as follows:

1.Fill a terracotta pot or small plastic container with pebbles and add water in it.
2.Add marbles in an old Frisbee and fill it with water.
3.Place an old cup into the ground near the plants and keep it filled with water.
4.Use an old pizza or jelly roll pan to provide water to butterflies.
5.Fill a shallow ceramic bowl, an old baking dish, or a large plate with sand and sink it into the ground. Ensure that the sand in it always stays moist.

  • Shelter from bad weather conditions. Butterflies need shelter during heavy rainstorms, strong winds, and other bad weathers. They usually look for shelter in trees, shrubs, and other densely planted places. You need to provide both sunny open areas and dense shadier ones for the butterflies to encourage them to stay in your garden.
  • Insecticides free environment. If you want to attract butterflies, never use insecticides and pesticides in your garden. These chemicals not only harm the insects, but also keep the butterflies at bay.

By following the above mentioned points, you will be able to turn your ordinary garden into a butterfly garden where you can not only enjoy the beautiful flowers but also the colorful butterflies.