Orchid Flowers

Archive for the ‘Sunflowers’ Category

Also known as ‘dwarf sunflowers’, miniature sunflowers are shorter and have smaller heads. They are easy to grow therefore they are popularly grown by kids and amateur gardeners. Being an amateur gardener, I also grew these sunflowers in my garden for which I researched a lot and gathered some useful tips to grow miniature sunflowers. If you are also interested in growing these flowers, read this post carefully:

Planting Plan: Firstly I would like to tell you that you should make a growth plan for mini sunflowers at least two or three weeks before the last snow fall. And one more thing! Start growing mini sunflowers indoors and after they have grown properly, you can transplant them.

Selection of Containers: Now, select containers for your mini sunflowers. While choosing container, make sure that their opening is spacious and they are not too narrow because a narrow container will make it difficult for you to transplant sunflowers. Mini sunflowers also need drainage so select a container that can drain well.

Filling Containers with Soil: After carefully selecting containers, fill them with rich and fertile potting soil making sure that you have left half inch of space. Mini sunflowers take essential nutrients from the soil rapidly so if you are growing sunflowers in containers, you will be required to recondition the soil a number of times in a year. Now, you can sow seeds of mini sunflowers. Sprinkle seeds equally on the surface of soil.

Sowing Seeds: Don’t forget to cover the seeds lightly with half inch layer of soil. You can do so with the help of a garden spade or you can use your hands also. I prefer you to do this with your hands. If you are growing miniature sunflowers in more than one container, repeat the same process of sowing seeds in each container.

Watering Soil: Soil needs to be watered after sowing seeds so water each of your containers openhandedly until you feel that soil has become damp enough. You can check dampness by putting your finger one inch deep in the soil. It means that you should feel dampness up to one inch deep in soil.

Placing in Sunny Location: As mini sunflowers need sufficient sunlight, place your containers near a window that receives full sunlight. After the last frost, when the ground defrosts, transplant sunflowers. You will again have to choose a place receiving full sun. Bury your seedlings keeping a distance of 3 to 4 inches between them.

I hope that the above mentioned tips are enough for growing mini sunflowers. Follow these and have healthy miniature sunflowers in your garden. 

Sunflowers grow very fast and have beautiful blooms so they are very popular among flowers growers. To recognize a sunflower is very easy because of its bright and eye-catching yellow color. But there are some species of sunflowers that are having so many types making it difficult to recognize their plants. There are some features of these flowers that can help you to recognize and identify sunflower plants. Here I am going to describe these.

Notice the Growth of Plants

If you are facing problem in identifying these plants, then the first thing to follow is paying attention to their growth. The daily growth of sunflower plants is quite easy to notice as they can grow tall in several inches daily. Also remember that the flowers on these plants start blooming in late summer.

Feel the Leaves

The next method to identify these plants is to feel and watch the leaves carefully. The leaves are of dark green color having coarse edges. As far as feeling the leaves is concerned, they give a furry and shaggy feeling making it easy to recognize.

Watch their Position Carefully

As the sunflowers turn their heads towards the sun during daytime and stoop in the night so this feature can be proved very helpful in identifying these plants.

Looking Carefully to the Blooms

There is another distinguishing feature of sunflower plants that can help you to recognize them. For this, look carefully to the blooms. You will find that the blooms are made of several mini-flowers. This feature is not found in any other plant so you can easily recognize them. The mini-flowers will have five petals which will be merged together and surrounded by five stamens as well. This is another way you can identify sunflowers.

These were some steps describing the method of identifying sunflower plants. Hope you will find them very helpful.

Daylily is usually referred to the species, hybrids and cultivars of the genus Hemerocallis. Gardening experts hybridize these plants, resulting in a wide range of colors and forms of its flowers. To identify its bloom in a garden, one should know about the different parts of plant and also flower characteristics of Hemerocallis.

Here are the main points that will help you in identifying a daylily bloom in a garden.

Hemerocallis Bloom Structure:

Daylily is the common name of Hemerocallis. Its flower is a tubular shaped bloom and is often scented. The petals of the bloom mostly consist of six perianth segments arranged in two rows. If looking at it from above, you will see three inner petals covering with three outer sepals. A daylily with double flowers is known as Polymerous because there are more than six perianth segments in it.

The center vein of a petal or sepal is called midrib that runs along the length. The term midrib is used to describe the color or pattern in a daylily bloom.

The centermost inner part of the flower is called throat, and the place above the throat is called eye zone which creates a visual circle around the flower.

Daylily plants bloom from summer through winter and its blooms last for only one day. Flowers of some species of Hemerocallis open in the morning and shrivel in the evening, whereas some of its species bloom at night.

Perennial Daylily Plant Form:

A daylily plant is the perennial, and grows in a large bunch with long strap-like leaves, mostly 1 ft – 2 ft long. The plant has vertical leafless flower stems known as scapes.

Excluding the bracts, scapes are leafless that appear from the crown of the daylily. Bracts are modified leaves affixed to the scape. These bracts indicate whether more branches will develop in future or not.

The white core between the leaves and the roots is called the crown of a daylily plant. It is planted underground. A part of the crown should be included when dividing the plant. The roots of a plant are quite fibrous, but the whole root system is very thick.

Hemerocallis in Flower Gardens

Generally, daylily plants grow in direct sunlight but they can also easily tolerate partially shady areas. They prefer humid and well-draining soil modified with organic matter. Daylilies also have enough ability to tolerate hard soil conditions, e.g. heavy clay, competition with tree roots for getting water and minerals etc. Also, strong and fully grown daylily plants can tolerate dearth conditions.

Daylily plants need minimum fertilizer for blooming and stay in good health when dug, separated, and replanted almost every three years. They can grow fast, and can easily fill the garden spaces.



Sunflowers are the bold and attractive flowers that add height and beauty to your garden. Their seeds can be sowed directly in outdoor soil, but they are the big attraction for the seed-eating birds and squirrels. Therefore, it is best to start seeding them indoors and later, when the danger of frost and animals is gone can be transplanted to the garden.
Following things are needed to plant sunflower seeds indoors:

  • Sunflower seeds
  • Terracotta pots
  • Terracotta flood trays
  • Clear plastic wrap
  • Peat moss or Potting soil
  • Old spoon or garden trowel
  • Water

To start, place newspapers or an old cloth on the work area to keep the floor or ground clean.

Prepare the terracotta pots for the sunflower seeds:
The first step is to fill about three-fourth of the each pot with peat moss or potting soil. Place the filled terracotta pots on the flood tray.

Planting the sunflower seeds:
It is important to plant two or three sunflower seeds in each terracotta pot. You can either push the sunflower seeds down into the potting soil or place them on the top of the soil and cover them with another layer of potting soil. It is highly recommended to cover all the seeds with 1 inch of soil.

After planting, gently press the soil and water thoroughly until the soil is humid but not drenched. It is essential to keep the outside of the terracotta pots damp, and also try not to let the water stay in the flood trays for a long time.

Help the sunflower seeds sprout:
After planting the sunflower seeds in pots and placing them in the trays, its time to create a greenhouse effect for the seeds to germinate. For this, tightly cover each terracotta pot with the clear plastic wrap. Ensure that the plastic wrap is free of wrinkles and that the pots are fully sealed. This will help in keeping the moisture inside the growing area.

Place these covered pots in a sunny window and check them daily to ensure they are staying humid. Water them when the top layer of soil is dry. You can check the humidity and give water to them by peeling away a corner of the plastic wrap.

Once the seedlings reach half inch high, remove the plastic wrap and keep them at the room temperature so that the seedlings remain warm enough. Water them whenever necessary and provide enough light to make them grow fast.

The ideal time for transplanting the sunflower seedlings into outdoor soil is when they are a couple of inches tall and strong enough to grow in the outdoor environment.

Starting sunflower seeds indoors not only saves them from animals and cold temperatures but also provides them a good start on the growing season, giving beautiful and lovely flowers and adding splendor to the garden.