Orchid Flowers

Archive for the ‘BLOOM STRUCTURE’ Category

Marigolds are among one of the flowers that have long life. These are very beautiful looking flowers having eye-catching colors like yellow, orange and red. Their blooming season starts from the mid-summers and ends with the first frost of fall season. Planting marigolds is almost effortless provided that their growing requirements are fulfilled. Here I am giving some instructions and tips regarding the plantation of marigold flowers:

Select Sunny Location

Marigolds thrive in full or partial sun so you should find a place accordingly.

Start Planting Process

You can start the planting process after the last snow fall of the season. If you want to grow them before the last frost then you can plant them indoors in such containers having potting soil. After the frost, you can change their place by replanting them outside in your garden. This whole process will help these flowers to produce blooms early in the season.

Select Area having Rich Soil

Now you will have to select a location having rich soil. Before planting the flowers, you will have to add fertilizer to the soil if it is poor in terms of richness. After adding manure, your next step is to dig the manure in soil using a shovel.

Sow the Seeds

Now the next step is to sow the seeds in the garden. The distance between the seeds and giant marigolds should be at least one to two feet. After sowing the seeds, they should be covered with a thin layer of soil. You can use trowel for this purpose.

Douse the Seeds

Next step is to drench the seeds with water using a water jug or pipe.

Keep the Soil Humid

Once the seeds start to germinate and plants are established, you should make sure to keep the soil damp. But here one thing should be kept in mind that soil should not be saturated with too much of water.

Add Mulch

In order to control the growth of weeds and to keep the moisture preserved around the plant, you should add mulch.

Water during Dry Weather

Another important tip is that, during the dry weather, water plants once or twice a week.

Remove Finished Blossoms

When your plants start flowering in mid-summer, you must deadhead the finished blossoms. It will help the plant to grow well and improve the look of marigold flowers.

Continue Periodic Watering

Episodic watering should be continued on weekly basis until after the first frost.

These were some important steps that must be followed for the successful plantation and healthy growth of marigold flowers.

 

Orchid family is most numerous in the plant kingdom. 25000 to 30000 species of orchids are there around the world. Orchids are most beautiful, sensual, exotic and most expensive flowers. Their elegant look and eye-catching appearance make these flowers favorite to anyone. There are two types of orchids, one is terrestrial orchids and second is epiphytes. Both types are very popular among flower fans. Some other orchids that you will like to buy and grow are:

Moth Orchids

Probably, this type of orchids is the most ordinary sort. These plants can buy from a standard grocery store. In Asian supermarket, truck-loads of white or purplish pink variety can easily be found. Fashion designers, call its purplish-pink color as “orchids”. Moth orchids are also known as Phalaenopsis orchids. Phalaenopsis orchids are epiphytes and grow on trees in a constantly moist environment. These flowers look very graceful due to their long flower spikes. These flowers are full of power to brighten up a dull atmosphere and to add an elegant look to home decorations. Now, Phalaenopsis are extensively grown as houseplants. One thing about Phalaenopsis that they bloom only once or twice a year and their flowers can last for two to three months.

Dendrobium Orchids

Another prominent sort of orchid that is very good option to beautify your garden is “Thai restaurant orchids”. These forms of orchids are Dendrobium hybrids and can be found easily at Thai restaurants. These restaurants use freshly-cut flowers to decorate tables. Dendrobium orchids are available in many colors. Color options are white, green, purple, pink, yellow and many others. They require a fairly warm environment and this is due to the reason that they could loose their leaves in winter when temperature falls below 60°F (15°C). Actually, Dendrobium is one of the largest orchid species.

Dendrobium class lives as epiphytes and lithophytes in New Guinea, Southern China, Thailand, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Tahiti and more. Some of these require cool night with 50 to 59°F (10 to 15°C) temperature while some of these require warm temperatures in the 80s°F (27°C). For their different environment requirement, it is significant to understand their natural environment to better care these orchids.

Slipper Orchids

One of most favorite types of orchid is lady slipper orchid because of their bizarre appearance. These flowers are different from other types of flowers and have pouch-shaped lips. Terrestrial and lithophytic slipper orchids encompass for genera:

  • Paphiopedilum
  • Phragmipedium
  • Cypripedium
  • Selenipedium

Nearly all Cypripedium and Selenipedium are plants that are fairly tricky to grow. These flowers can be got from fancy grocery store. Variety of colors is available along with this type of orchids, color options are:

  • Girlie soft pink
  • Eye-catching yellow
  • Innocent white
  • Dark red
  • Brown
  • Green with hairy and warty petals

Boat Orchids

Boat orchid, Cymbidium enormously grows well in Southern California. These sorts of orchids widely have been depicted in drawings and poetry for more than two thousand years since the time of Confucius. Still, they are popular plants due to their big, showy and long-lasting flowers. The pink, yellow, green, red, brown, peach or combination colored flowers also last wonderfully as cut flowers. If one change water daily and cut down the bottom of the spike, they can look perfect for a month or two in vase.

Orchid is not a new name for garden lovers and nature lovers. It is one of the most desired flower plants among gardeners. Orchid flowers are most beautiful and sophisticated flowers but growing these flowers needs special care and attention. Gardeners are required to provide them with most accurate atmospheric conditions. There are several types of orchid flowers plants and each type has different features. If you carefully observe needs of your orchid plant then your orchids will really embellish your garden. You must be aware of commonly grown types of orchid flower plants. These types include:

  • Phalaenopsis
  • Paphiopedilum
  • Dendrobrium
  • Oncidium
  • Vanda
  • Epidendrum

Here is information about basic needs of orchids that should be in knowledge of all gardeners and flowers lovers:

Humidity

Orchid plants need about 60% of humidity. Greenhouse is the best place to grow orchid plants as there is best humidity level for orchid plants. You can also grow these plants in humidity tray that can be bought from store. You can also make your humidity tray at home. Take a saucer or tray and fill it with water and rocks and keep orchids in it.

Light and Air

If you are growing orchids inside then sunlight is not required but ventilation is very important for indoor orchids. Switch on the fan or open window of room to keep your orchids free from pest and bacteria.

Water Needs

Keep checking the roots of your orchids to know if it needs water. Filtered water is best option to keep your orchids fresh. Prefer week fertilizer solution for your orchids. Wait for 3-4 watering intervals after one fertilizer to next fertilizer application. If you maintain this routine of watering and fertilizer application then you will keep your orchids in good health.

Temperature

This is the feature that can be compromised with as it is not important for orchid growth. Some orchids need warm temperature but most of orchid plants are friendlier to cool temperature. If you feel that your orchids got hotter than cool them with water.

Potting Needs

Change their pots after every 1-2 year. It is the best time to change the pot when you see your plant has become old.

Pests

Decide which pesticide you will apply either natural or artificial. If you have decided to use artificial one, then identify the pests and select pesticide accordingly. Do these precautions to prevent your orchid from pests and bacteria:

  • Repot your orchids
  • Blend some dish washer in water. Remember the water’s quantity should be much more.
  • Make a mixture of water and bleach. Water’ quantity should be in greater proportion.
  • Another very important remedy for indoor orchids is to keep only inside the house.

Daylily is usually referred to the species, hybrids and cultivars of the genus Hemerocallis. Gardening experts hybridize these plants, resulting in a wide range of colors and forms of its flowers. To identify its bloom in a garden, one should know about the different parts of plant and also flower characteristics of Hemerocallis.

Here are the main points that will help you in identifying a daylily bloom in a garden.

Hemerocallis Bloom Structure:

Daylily is the common name of Hemerocallis. Its flower is a tubular shaped bloom and is often scented. The petals of the bloom mostly consist of six perianth segments arranged in two rows. If looking at it from above, you will see three inner petals covering with three outer sepals. A daylily with double flowers is known as Polymerous because there are more than six perianth segments in it.

The center vein of a petal or sepal is called midrib that runs along the length. The term midrib is used to describe the color or pattern in a daylily bloom.

The centermost inner part of the flower is called throat, and the place above the throat is called eye zone which creates a visual circle around the flower.

Daylily plants bloom from summer through winter and its blooms last for only one day. Flowers of some species of Hemerocallis open in the morning and shrivel in the evening, whereas some of its species bloom at night.

Perennial Daylily Plant Form:

A daylily plant is the perennial, and grows in a large bunch with long strap-like leaves, mostly 1 ft – 2 ft long. The plant has vertical leafless flower stems known as scapes.

Excluding the bracts, scapes are leafless that appear from the crown of the daylily. Bracts are modified leaves affixed to the scape. These bracts indicate whether more branches will develop in future or not.

The white core between the leaves and the roots is called the crown of a daylily plant. It is planted underground. A part of the crown should be included when dividing the plant. The roots of a plant are quite fibrous, but the whole root system is very thick.

Hemerocallis in Flower Gardens

Generally, daylily plants grow in direct sunlight but they can also easily tolerate partially shady areas. They prefer humid and well-draining soil modified with organic matter. Daylilies also have enough ability to tolerate hard soil conditions, e.g. heavy clay, competition with tree roots for getting water and minerals etc. Also, strong and fully grown daylily plants can tolerate dearth conditions.

Daylily plants need minimum fertilizer for blooming and stay in good health when dug, separated, and replanted almost every three years. They can grow fast, and can easily fill the garden spaces.