Orchid Flowers

Cattleya Orchid

Posted on: September 21, 2011

Cattleya Orchids are the magnificent and the beautiful kind of Orchids in the Orchid family. The Cattleya Orchid is given name after William Cattleya who was the horticulturist and orchid collector in the 19th century. A lot of Cattleya Orchids grow in the rain forests of Central and South America. They flourish very well in the high altitudes of the Andes mountain range and in regions at sea level. They need moisture and light to grow.

Cattleya Orchids are mainly divided into two categories.

1) Unifolate with only one leaf

2) Bifoliate – with two or more leaves

Both types of Orchids are popular as they bear large, ostentatious flowers that are broadly used in flower arrangements and bouquets.

Cattleya Orchids are Epiphytic Orchids, i.e. air plants. They have big, plump roots (pseudobulbs) for collecting and storing rain water as they flourish naturally on trees. Over the period of time, these Orchids have been widely hybridized and now Cattleya Orchids are available in all colors, except true black and blue. Talking about the structure of the Cattleya Orchid flower, it has three petals, one of which is an eye-catching lip that has grown to draw the attention of pollinating insects.

Cattleya Orchids come from diverse natural environments therefore they require special augmentation conditions. For fine blossoming condition, they need day temperatures between 75 degrees F and 85 degrees F, and night temperatures between 55 degrees F and 65 degrees F.

The favorable humidity level needs to be between 50% and 60% for proper growth. This humidity level can effortlessly be attained by keeping the Orchid pot on a damp plate that is filled with pebbles and water. While doing this, you need to be very careful. Make sure that its roots should not be in water for extended period of time because they will decompose. To avoid Cattleya plants from fungal infection, you need to maintain the moderate amount of air circulation. Cattleya Orchids flourish best in indirect sunlight.

Cattleya Orchids differ in size and color. You need to have a proper knowledge and information about them whether you want to buy them or grow them in your garden.

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