Orchid Flowers

Tips to Grow Vanilla Plant

Posted on: May 23, 2011

Vanilla orchid is a tropical plant and likes humid conditions to grow well. This plant produces flowers and seeds pods from which we get vanilla extract. It is the only type of orchid that grows in form of vine. Depending on different varieties, vanilla orchid plants can grow up to ten feet tall. Although vanilla plant is tropical, with some efforts it can be grown in any climate. Today’s post is all about growing vanilla orchid plants so if you are an orchid lover, you will definitely love this post:

  • Start process of growing vanilla plants by setting the cuttings in potting mix and wood mulch. You are required to set the cuttings deeply enough so that roots are covered.
  • Now insert a wooden stake next to the plant and then tie plant to stake. Are you thinking why it is necessary to tie plant with a wooden stake? As I mentioned earlier, vanilla plants grow in form of vine, so it needs to be attached with a stake for support.
  • Next, you will require setting up hot and humid place for growing your vanilla plant. As these plants are tropical, they require damp environment to grow well. As far as temperature requirements are concerned, vanilla plants require 80 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit in day time while at night they like a temperature between 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit. To provide such an environment to the plants, you will require using heating lamp and glasshouse. You can find these things at any nursery near your home.
  • Your vanilla plant will also need a good fertilizer to grow healthily. Fertilize vanilla plants with a fertilizer having equal quantities of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in it.
  • Vanilla plants require to be watered twice or thrice a week but while watering ensure that soil gets wet but not over-watered. Over-watering will damage roots of your vanilla plant. To maintain a humid environment, I will suggest you misting the glasshouse every few days.
  • Pollinate the flowers with hands within 12 hours of their opening. You will do this with the help of a thin bamboo skewer. All you need to do is that you will have to lift the flap of flower and then press the skewer against anther. Anther is the part of flower that contains pollen grains. After brushing pollen on stigma, pollination process will start to produce pods.
  • When you see that bean pods have ripened, remove them from plant and enfold them in dark but clean cloth. After doing this, you will need to expose these beans to sunlight for 5 to 6 hours every day. After exposing beans to light, wrap them again in cloth and repeat the process of drying for approximately two weeks.
  • After two weeks, place beans at a clean and cool place for final drying. Your vanilla pods will now become ready to be used.

Follow above mentioned steps to grow vanilla plants in your garden. These tips are really useful and reliable so you can follow them without any hesitation.

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